Psychological installation for tennis players
The specificity of tennis is that any tournament, even the highest rank, consists of individual matches. It all starts with a victory in one match, which is the desired link in the chain leading to success in any competition. In order to win a specific match, it is necessary to subconsciously keep a clearly formulated setup formula throughout the match. Each tennis player is obliged to form an attitude for the upcoming match. How adequate it is to the conditions of the competition is revealed in the process of a duel or as a result of it.
psychology In tennis, installation means such a mental state of the athlete that determines his willingness to act adequately in the upcoming game situation for a certain time. “A player can be in one match, but at different hours he is definitely not like himself” (Sh.A. Tarpishchev). That installation affects from start to finish on the entire course of the tennis match.
psychologyA setting can also be formed on the basis of clearly formulated goals, tasks or instructions that are set by the coach, and sometimes the partner or partner in a pair game. Coaches set strategic plan settings, while partners set tactical actions. It should be noted that in most cases the degree of awareness of the attitude of a tennis player depends on the authority of the person giving it.
psychologyThe most important setting formula for tennis players of any age, class and level of preparedness is: “Win every next ball.” Why should you try to win every ball? Because, the more goals a tennis player wins, the closer to success in the match, the more psychophysical forces he will save for subsequent matches and tournaments and the more confident he will be in them.
True, when the score is 40: 0 in favor of one of the parties, you can lose one ball (for example, without running after a difficult ball) in order to save strength. If the advantage of one of the players is undeniable and the opponent is too weak, then losing them one or two points will not change the course of the match, but may even give that last impetus to its victory. A losing player, this one point will not save from defeat. But with an equal fight, where often one goal decides everything, such a relaxation is unacceptable even with this score.
Winning helps increase the player’s self-confidence, improves mood and well-being. At the same time, the effectiveness of his technical techniques is increased, and conditions are created for performing “brilliant” combinations and “right through” strikes. At the same time, all this negatively affects the psyche of the enemy, causes it to break and leads to defeat. Of course, beat everyone with a score of 6: 0; 6-0, as the coach of the famous Australian tennis player Rod Laver advised before each match, so that the opponent does not even think about the possibility of winning at least a game, is not easy.
The success of the champions is that at the decisive moment, when the game is equal, their hand will not “flinch” and the ball sent, having reached the goal, will provide the minimum advantage that is so necessary for defeating the opponent.
psychology Winning in itself has a beneficial effect on the nervous system, whether this one ball, one game or a match is won. A very significant trace of this gain is recorded in the subconscious. Losing the same makes the tennis player doubt his abilities: “So, I’m not the best, not capable, not strong, since I can lose.” Such thoughts subsequently lead to the fact that the player already allows himself to lose and is ready to accept defeats even from weaker opponents.
It is imperative to accustom yourself precisely to the attitude toward a mandatory victory, which will also contribute to the development of such a positive character trait of an athlete as ambition.
psychologyWhy is an athlete, when set to success, not ready for competition? The fact is that an inexperienced trainer in training requires him to carefully perform technical and tactical elements, and in competitions he sets the task to win, although little was given to the “art of winning” in training. There are situations when the content of the installation task corresponding to the competitive environment, neither the coach, nor the partner in the game can be completely sure of its implementation, since the player may unconsciously manifest the state that may have already been fixed in similar or close ones to them, conditions.